Types of Batteries
Starting, Lighting, Ignition (SLI) Batteries
- Are used by most people every day and are produced in greater numbers than any other type of lead acid storage battery
- They are used to start automobiles and most other kinds of internal combustion engines
- Automotive SLI batteries are usually lead acid type and are made of six galvanic cells in series to provide a 12 volt system
- Heavy vehicles such as trucks may have 2 batteries in a series for a 24 volt system, or may have a parallel string of batteries.
Examples: automotive, marine, truck.
Traction or Motive Power Batteries
- An electrical vehicle battery (EVB) or traction battery is a rechargeable battery used for propulsion of batteries electric vehicles (BEVs)
- Electric vehicle batteries differ from SLIs because they are designed to give power over sustained period of time.
Examples: forklifts, electric golf carts, riding floor scrubbers, electric motorcycles and other electric vehicles.
- These are often used for emergency power or uninterruptable power supply applications
- They are shallow-cycle batteries intended to remain close to fully charged for the majority of their lifetime with only occasional deep discharges.
Used Non Lead Acid Batteries
Alkaline Dry Cells
- Are 1.5 volt or multiples of 1.5 volt
- Called heavy duty, general purpose, zinc carbon or zinc manganese
- Commonly Energizer or Duracell
- Generally non-rechargeable.
Non Alkaline Dry Cells (including Rechargeable)
- They are 1.2 volt or can be multiples of 1.2 volts
- Often rechargeable such as NiMH, NiCad, Lithium Ion
- Commonly found as packs (e.g. mobile phones, laptop computers, power tools.
Non Lead Acid Wet Cells
- Filled with aqueous electrolyte solution
- Mostly contained within a steel or solid box of individual cells of 1.2 volts to make a 12 volt battery.